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Afganistan's Economy At a Glance

Updated as on September, 2016

 

KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF AFGHANISTAN
  Unit 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
1. Real Sector                          
Per Capita GDP US$ 242.2 281.1 312.6 426 426 504.7 628.6 709 780 772 747 677
Real GDP Growth % 2.3 9.9 9.2 16.1 2.3 17.2 3.2 8.7 10.9 6.5 2.2 -2.41
GDP (Nominal) Million US$ 5.6 6.6 7.5 10.4 10.6 12.9 16.3 18.8 21 21.2 21 19365
Agriculture % of GDP 33.3 34.2 32.7 33.6 27.7 31.1 27.8 27 25.4 24.7 24.32 22.12
Industry % of GDP 24.5 25.2 26.2 25.2 25.6 21.2 20.6 21.6 20.5 19.6 20.92 22.13
Services % of GDP 39.5 37.7 38.1 38.7 44 44.3 48 47.8 50.3 51.7 51.3 52.28
Investment % of GDP - - - - 18.1 17.4 17.5 15.8 16.4 16.7 17.7 -
National Savings % of GDP - - - - -23.3 -9.9 -11.4 -4 4 7.8 7 -
Headline Inflation % - 9.8 3.8 24.3 4.8 -4.5 13.7 8.4 5.8 7.2 1.4 0.1
- Food Inflation % - 9.1 4.9 31.9 4.3 -9.1 14 7 4.4 9.6 2.9 0.3
- Non-Food Inflation % - 10.9 2.2 12.2 6 3.8 13.3 16.6 7.4 4.7 -0.5 0.5
- Core Inflation % - - 4.7 11.3 7.8 2.3 9.8 10 5.9 5.5 4.3 2.2
II. Fiscal Sector                          
Revenue Collection (CSR) Million Afs 18,837 76,456 62,038 56,885 71,638 101,118 134,840 169,674 164,589 108,508 99,619 123,387
Fiscal Deficit (excluding Grants) % of GDP 19% 18% 14% 14% 9% 8% 1% 4% 2% 4% 14% 15%
Fiscal Deficit (including Grants) % of GDP 1% 4% 1% 2% 15% 14% 8% 12% 10% 14% 8% Supl 11% Supl
Public Debt % of GDP - - - - - - - - - - - -
- of which foreign currency % of GDP - - - - - - - - - - - -
- domestic debt % of GDP - - - - - - - - - - - -
- debt servicing % of total revenue - - - - - - - - - - - -
III. External Sector                          
Exports (f.o.b) Billion US$ 0.31 0.38 0.42 0.45 0.55 0.4 0.4 0.38 0.26 0.5 0.62 0.58
Imports (f.o.b) Billion US$ 2.18 2.47 2.74 3.02 2.98 3.11 4.87 6.05 6.03 8.65 6.91 7.04
Trade Deficit Billion US$ 1.87 2.09 2.33 2.57 2.43 2.7 4.48 5.67 5.76 8.15 6.29 6.46
Remittances Billion US$ - - - - -0.08 -0.18 -0.02 0.01 0.06 0.11 -0.03 0.06
Current Account Balance Billion US$ - - - - -5.69 -6.02 -6.61 -6.76 -6.63 -6.95 -4.39 -4.81
Current Account Balance % of GDP - - - - -0.53 -0.47 -0.4 -0.36 -0.32 -0.33 -0.21 -3.9
Total Foreign Investment Million US$ - 186 218 188.41 97.59 93.78 94.96 85.17 72.65 70.24 42.98 87.64
- Foreign Direct Investment Million US$ - 186 218 188.41 97.59 93.78 94.96 85.17 72.65 70.24 42.98 169.15
- Portfolio Investment Million US$ - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -81.51
External Debt Billion US$ - - - - - - - - - - - -
External Debt and Forex Liabilities % of forex earings - - - - n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a
Short-term debt to GDP % - - - - n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a
External Debt Servicing Ratio (Pl see footnote) * - - - - - - - - - - - -
Exchange Rate (Average) Per US$ 47.79 49.63 49.92 49.82 50.95 49.26 45.8 47.76 50.92 55.38 57.52 61.14
Foreign Exchange Reserves Billion US$ - - - - 3.61 4.13 5.34 6.25 6.95 7.1 7 6.86
IV. Monetary & Capital Market   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Growth Rate of M1 y-o-y - - - 40.59 31.91 30.33 25.02 21 9.78 9.88 9,54 1.5
Growth Rate of M2 y-o-y - - - 42.4 31.38 33.05 26.95 21.31 8.8 9.4 8,34 3.3
Growth Rate of M3 y-o-y - - - - - - - - - - - -
Weighted Avg Lending Rate % - - - 15.7 23.4 15.1 15 14.5 15 15 16,05 15.13
Credit growth to Private Sector % - - - 96.98 45.63 33.9 29.8 -49.8 1.9 8.8 -6.13 6.15
Stock Market 1991=100 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Market Capitalization (as leading stock mkt) Domestic currency in Billions - - - - - - - - - - - -
Market Capitalization % of GDP - - - - - - - - - - - -
Market Capitalization (as leading stock mkt) Billion US$ - - - - - - - - - - - -
V. Banking Sector Indicators                          
Capital Adequacy ratio % N/A N/A 38.91 31.77 29.83 25.81 -14.48 23.83 21.84 26.24 26.46 21.14
Non performing loans % N/A N/A N/A 0.68 1.15 0.94 48.4 5.16 5.31 5.08 8.09 15.48
Profitability (R.O.E) % N/A 8.39 -1.11 9.89 1.69 1.4 -20.69 -1.01 -0.42 0.61 7.35 4.35
Profitability (R.O.A) % N/A 1.79 0.28 1.8 10.28 10.25 -520.84 -14.98 -5.71 8.18 0.9 43.74
* from 2007 to 2012 figures are as of March
** Dec.2012 ROA and ROE are for nine months as fiscal year changed