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Bangladesh's Economy At a Glance

Updated as on September, 2016

 

PERFORMANCES OF SOME KEY MACRO ECONOMIC INDICATORS: BANGLADESH
  Unit 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 (Jul-Dec)
I. Real Sector                        
Per Capita GDP USD 476 487 559 620 687 748 766 1088 1115 1236 -
Real GDP Growth % 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.7 6.1 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.12 6.6 -
GDP (Market Price) Billion USD 62 68.4 79.6 89.4 100.4 111.9 115.7 129.9 173.8 195.2 -
Agriculture % of GDP 21.9 21.4 20.7 20.5 20.3 18 17.4 16.8 16.3 15.5 -
Industry % of GDP 29 29.4 29.8 29.8 29.9 27.4 28.1 29 29.6 28.2 -
Services % of GDP 49.1 49.2 49.5 49.7 49.8 54.6 54.5 54.2 54.1 56.4 -
Investment % of GDP 24.7 24.5 24.2 24.4 24.4 27.4 28.2 28.4 28.7 28.9 -
National Savings % of GDP 27.7 28.7 30.2 29.6 30 29 29.9 30.5 30.5 29 -
Headline Inflation (12 mth avg)* % 7.2 7.2 9.9 6.7 7.3 8.8 10.6 6.8* 7.4* 6.4 6.2
- Food Inflation % 7.8 8.1 12.3 7.2 8.5 11.3 10.4 5.2* 8.6* 6.7 6.1
- Non-Food Inflation % 6.4 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.5 4.2 11.1 9.2* 5.5* 6 6.4
- Core inflation % NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.8
II. Fiscal Sector                        
Revenue Collection (CSR) Billion USD 7 7 9 10 12 13 15 18 18 21 -
Fiscal Deficit (excluding grants) % of GDP 390% 370% 620% 410% 370% 440% 500% 480% 410% 500% -
Fiscal Deficit (including grants) % of GDP 330% 320% 540% 330% 330% 380% 460% 430% 350% 460% -
Public Debt % of GDP 40.2 38.6 37.1 35.9 32.3 32.4 31.8 30 29.1 27.3 -
- of which foreign debt % of GDP 25.9 24.3 22.1 20.4 17.6 17.2 16.6 14.9 14.1 12.1 -
- domestic debt % of GDP 14.3 14.3 15 15.5 14.7 15.2 15.2 15.1 15 15.2 -
- debt servicing % of total revenue 9.6 9.7 8.8 8.2 7.7 6.9 6.5 6.3 7.2 5.2 -
III. External Sector                        
Exports (f.o.b) Billion USD 10.4 12.1 14.2 15.6 16.2 22.6 24 26.6 30.2 30.8 15.7
Imports (f.o.b.) Billion USD 13.3 15.5 19.5 20.3 21.4 30.3 33.3 33.6 36.6 36.6 19
Trade Deficit Billion USD 2.9 3.4 5.3 4.7 5.2 7.7 9.3 7 6.8 5.8 3.3
Remittances Billion USD 4.8 6 7.9 9.7 11 11.7 12.8 14.5 14.2 15.3 7.5
Current Account Balance Billion USD 0.8 0.9 0.7 2.4 3.7 -1.7 -0.4 2.4 1.4 1.5 2.1
Current Account Balance % of GDP 1.3 1.4 0.9 2.7 3.7 1.5 0.3 1.9 0.9 0.8 -
Total Foreign Investment Million USD 775 899 795 802 796 740 1193 2094 2369 2448 771
- Foreign Direct Investment Million USD 743 793 748 961 913 768 995 1726 1432 1830 795
- Portfolio Investment Million USD 32 106 47 -159 -117 -28 198 368 937 618 -24
External Debt and Forex Liabilities Billion USD 18.6 19.4 20.3 20.1 20.3 21.5 22.8 22.3 23.6 23.5 -
External Debt and Liabilities As % of Forex earnings NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Outstanding Debt % GDP 30.5 28.3 25.5 23.3 20.3 19.7 19.7 14.9 14.1 12.1 -
External Debt Servicing Ratio % of outstanding external debt 3.4 3.6 3.8 4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.7 -
Exchange Rate Per USD 67.1 69 68.6 68.8 69.2 71.2 79.1 79.9 77.8 77.7 78.1
Foreign Exchange Reserve Billion USD 3.5 5.1 6.1 7.4 10.8 10.9 10.2 15.3 21.5 25 27.4
IV. Monetary & Capital Market                        
Growth Rate of M1 y-o-y 23.4 16.5 22.7 10.3 28 18.7 6.4 10 14.6 14.3 15.1
Growth Rate of M2 y-o-y 19.3 17.1 17.6 19.2 22.4 21.3 17.4 16.7 16.1 12.4 13.1
Growth Rate of M3 y-o-y 17.8 15.8 15.7 17.7 23 18.9 15.5 15.3 16.5 14.8 15
Weighted Avg. Lending Rate % 12.1 12.8 12.3 11.9 11.3 12.4 13.8 13.7 13.1 11.7 11.2
Credit growth to Private Sector % 18.1 15 25 14.6 24.2 25.8 19.7 10.9 12.2 12.9 14.1
Stock Market (Price Index)   1339.5 1764.2 2588 2520.2 5111.6 6117.2 4572.9 4385.8 4480.5 4583.1 4629.6
Market Capitalization of DSE# Billion Taka 225.3 491.7 931 1241.3 2700.7 2853.9 2491.6 2530.2 2386.3 2701.9 2607.4
Market Capitalization of DSE# % of GDP 5.4 10.4 17.1 20.2 38.9 35.8 27.2 24.4 17.7 17.8 -
Market Capitalization of DSE# Billion USD 3.4 7.1 13.6 18 39 40.1 31.5 31.7 30.7 34.8 33.4
V. Banking Sector Indicators                        
Capital adequacy ratio % 6.7 9.6 10.1 11.6 9.3 11.4 10.5 9.1 10.7 10.3 10.8
Non-performing loans % 13.2 13.2 10.8 9.2 7.3 6.1 10 11.9 10.8 9.7 8.8
Profitability (R.O.E) % 14.1 13.8 15.6 21.7 21 17 8.2 8.2 8.4 6.6 10.5
Profitability (R.O.A) % 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8
Note: All data are provided on the basis of Bangladesh Financial Year (July-June). This format is adopted on recommendations of the SAARCFINANCE meeting on Improvement of SAARCFINANCE e-Newsletter and Development of SAARCFINANCE Scholarship Scheme, 9-10 January 2013, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
*=Base 2005-06=100, # DSE= Dhaka Stock Exchange
- = Half yearly data are not available, NA= Not available