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India's Economy At a Glance

Updated as on September, 2016

 

KEY CONOMIC INDICATORS OF INDIA
  Unit 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
I. Real Sector                          
Per Capita GDP (Real) $ US$ 607 664 701 851 785 814 909 911 1373 1300 1362 1351
Real GDP Growth $ % 7 9.5 9.6 9.3 6.7 8.6 8.9 6.7 5.4 6.3 7.1 7.3
GDP (MP at Current Prices) $ Billion US$ 722 834 948 1241 1227 1367 1707 1881 1829 1863 2042 2072
Agriculture Growth % 0.2 5.1 4.2 5.8 0.1 0.8 8.6 5 1.5 4.2 -0.2 1.1
Industry Growth % 7.5 8.5 12.9 9.2 4.1 10.2 8.3 6.7 4.8 5.2 6.5 8.8
Services Growth % 9.1 11.1 10.1 10.3 9.4 10 9.2 7.1 6.9 7.3 9.4 8.4
Investment % of GDP(MP) 32.8 34.7 35.7 38.1 34.3 36.5 36.5 35.5 38.6 34.7 34.2  
Domestic Savings $$ % of GDP(MP) 32.4 33.4 34.6 36.8 32 33.7 33.7 31.3 33 32.3 32.3  
Headline Inflation (WPI) % 6.5 4.5 6.6 4.7 8.1 3.8 9.6 8.9 7.4 6 2 -2.7
- Food Inflation % 3.6 3.7 7.9 5.6 8.9 14.6 11.1 7.2 9.3 9.4 4.9 2.3
- Non-Food Inflation % 7.5 4.7 6.2 4.5 7.8 0.2 9 9.6 6.6 4.6 0.8 -4.8
- Excl. Food and Fuel inflation % 6.5 2.6 6.1 5.7 6.8 0.9 8.1 8.4 5.6 3 1.4 -2.5
Headline Inflation (CPI)* % 3.8 4.4 6.7 6.2 9.1 12.4 10.4 8.4 9.9 9.4 5.9 4.9
- Food Inflation % 2.2 4.1 9.2 8.4 12.3 15.2 9.9 6.3 11.2 11.9 6.5 5.1
- Fuel & Light Group Inflation % 8.2 -4.5 5.7 2.2 8.2 3.6 9.8 15.3 9.7 7.7 4.2 5.4
- Excl. Food and Fuel inflation % 5.6 6.6 3.2 4.6 6 10.5 11.2 9.8 8.7 7.3 5.6 4.6
II. Fiscal Sector                          
Revenue Collection (CSR)** Billion Rs. 3060 3471 4344 5419 5403 5728 7885 7514 8792 10147 11015 12061@
Fiscal Deficit (excluding grants) % of GDP                        
Fiscal Deficit (including grants) % of GDP 3.9 4 3.3 2.5 6 6.5 4.8 5.9 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9@
Public Debt % of GDP 41.2 40.2 38.4 38.5 38.1 38 36.2 38.9 39.6 39.3 39.5 40.7@
- of which external debt*** % of GDP 1.9 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1 2 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5@
- domestic debt **** % of GDP 39.4 37.6 36 36.3 35.9 35.9 34.2 37 37.8 37.6 37.9 39.2@
- debt servicing % of total Revenue                        
III. External Sector                          
Exports (f.o.b) Billion US$ 85.2 105.2 128.9 166.2 189 182.4 256.2 309.8 306.6 318.6 316.5 200.5
Imports (c.i.f) Billion US$ 118.9 157.1 190.7 257.6 308.5 300.6 383.5 499.5 502.2 466.2 461.5 306.1
Trade Deficit Billion US$ -33.7 -51.9 -61.8 -91.5 -119.5 -118.2 -127.3 -189.8 -195.7 -147.6 -144.9 -105.6
Remittances Billion US$ 20.5 24.5 29.8 41.7 44.6 51.8 53.1 63.5 64.3 65.5 66.3 48
Current Account Balance Billion US$ -2.5 -9.9 -9.6 -15.7 -27.9 -38.2 -48.1 -78.2 -88.2 -32.4 -26.8 -22
Current Account Balance % of GDP -0.3 -1.2 -1 -1.3 -2.3 -2.8 -2.8 -4.2 -4.8 -1.7 -1.3 -1.4
Total Foreign Investment Million US$ 13000 15528 14753 43326 8342 50363 42127 39231 46711 26386 73456 24083
- Foreign Direct Investment Million US$ 3713 3034 7693 15893 22372 17966 11834 22061 19819 21564 31251 27437
- Portfolio Investment Million US$ 9287 12494 7060 27433 -14031 32396 30293 17170 26891 4822 42205 -3355
External Debt and Forex Liabilities Billion US$ 134 139.1 172.4 224.4 224.5 260.9 317.9 360.8 409.4 446.2 475.3 480.2
External Debt and Forex Liabilities % of forex earnings 105.6 109 115.6 138 112.2 106.9 95.9 81.6 71.3 68.2 71.9 73
Short-term debt to GDP % 2.4 2.4 2.9 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.7 4.6 5.3 4.9 4.3 4.1
External Debt Service Ratio   5.9^ 10.1# 4.7 4.8 4.4 5.8 4.4 6 5.9 5.9 7.5 8.7
Exchange Rate Per US$ 44.9 44.3 45.3 40.3 46 47.4 45.6 47.9 54.4 60.5 61.1 65.5
Foreign Exchange Reserves Billion US$ 142 152 199 310 252 279 305 294 292 304 342 360
IV. Monetary & Capital Market                          
Growth Rate of M1 y-o-y 12.3 20.7 17.1 19.4 9 18.2 10 6 9.2 8.5 11.3 13.9(P)
Growth Rate of M2 y-o-y                        
Growth Rate of M3 y-o-y 12 16.9 21.7 21.4 19.3 16.9 16.1 13.5 13.6 13.4 10.9 10.5(P)
Weighted Avg Lending Rate of SCBs % (as on 31st March) 12.6 12 11.9 12.3 11.5 10.5 11.4 12.6 12 12 11.8 -
Bank Credit to commercial sector (%) % 25.6 27.3 26.1 21.1 16.9 15.8 21.3 17.8 13.5 13.7 9.3 11.1(P)
Stock Market (Price Index) (BSE) End 1991=100 555.9 965.8 1119.2 1339.5 831.2 1500.7 1664.9 1490.1 1612.7 1916.7 2393.7 2169.7
Market Capitalization (as leading stock mkt) Domestic Currency in Billion 16984.3 30221.9 35450.4 51380.2 30860.8 61656.2 68390.8 62149.1 63878.9 74153 101493 94753.3
Market Capitalization (as leading stock mkt) % of GDP 52.4 81.8 82.5 103 54.8 95.2 87.9 70.4 64 65.4 80.9 71.1 P
Market Capitalization (as leading stock mkt) Billion US$ 388.7 679.4 805.2 1273.2 602.4 1355.2 1520.1 1235.1 1209.6 1215.4 1625.2 1422.7
V. Banking Sector Indicators                          
Capital adequacy ratio % 12.8 12.3 12.3 13 13.2 13.6 13 12.9 13.9 13 12.9@@  
Non-performing loans % 5.2 3.3 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.3  
Profitability (R.O.E.) % 15.8 14.8 15.5 16 15.4 14.3 15 14.6 13.8 10.7 10.4  
Profitability (R.O.A.) % 1 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.04 0.8 0.8  
$: The data from the year 2012-13 onwards is in new GDP series (with base 2011-12).
$$: Domestic saving is a ratio to Gross National Disposable Income (GNDI) from 2012-13 onwards.
*: Figures for 2002-03 to 2011-12 correspond to CPI-IW and thereafter CPI-Combined. Further, base 1982 =100 for 2002-03 to 2006-07 and base 2001=100 for 2007-08 to 2011-12 in case of CPI-IW; for CPI-Combined base 2012=100 for 2012-13 to 2015-16.
**: Pertains to revenue receipts of the central government.
@: pertains to revised estimates.
***: External debt at historical exchange rate.
****: Pertains to internal debt.
^: Works out to 5.7 per cent, with the exclusion of pre-payment of US$ 381 million.
#: Works out to 6.3 per cent, with the exclusion of India Millennium Deposits (IMDs) repayments of US$ 7.1 billion and pre-payment of US$ 23.5 million.
P: Provisional Data
@@ CRAR figures for 2013-14 and 2014-15 are as per the Basel III framework.
Note: The inflation figure for 2015-16 is calculated using indices till February 2016 as CPI and WPI data is available till February 2016.